Scalp inflammation and pain, careful head lice
An 80-year-old man, who suffered from scalp hair loss and inflammation, suffered from severe scalp pain for three months. He came to Hair Transplant In Islamabad clinic for medical treatment. After careful examination of the scalp, it was found that the scalp had a large area of inflammatory signs, multiple pus and scarring wounds, combined with hair loss the clinical symptoms were initially suspected to be bacterial infection of the scalp. Furthermicroscopy of dandruff was observed, and the and spores of the mold were observed microscopy of the hair showed that there were mold spores in the hair which was diagnosed as head lice. At the same time, the mold cultivation of the hair was carried out, and mold colonies were also grown on the culture dish, and the head lice diagnosis was confirmed once again.
Head lice, strictly speaking, should be called “hair lice”, mainly because hair is infected with dermatologists. Some of these dermatologists are transmitted between humans, and some are transmitted to human hair through animals (such as dogs, cats, and rabbits). The age of infection is mostly among children and the elderly. Other good-blooded groups are menopausal women or those with low immunity. Symptoms, itching, pain, or no feeling is possible. Head lice are easily transmitted to each other in trailers, kindergartens, primary schools and homes. The route of infection can be transmitted through contaminated barber tools, or through contact with infected animals such as cats and dogs.
The expression of head lice is very diverse. If the inflammation is severe, , it will produce red and swollen pustules on the head. There are many pustules or broken hairs on the head, and even the lymph glands in the neck are caused. In severe cases, permanent scars will form. Bald. Some head lice will manifest as redness and defamation of the scalp, and even form a thick layer of white dander; sometimes combined with hair loss or hair loss, or a small amount of pustules. This type of head lice is often used as dandruff, liposuction dermatitis or bacterial diverticulitis=-, and the treatment is not good. More slightly, the broken hair may have only a few black spots on the scalp, even a very slight hair loss, and no other symptoms of inflammation. This type of head lice is often used as a bald, stressed, or plucked hair. At this time, it is necessary to observe it very carefully, even with microscopic microscopy or mold culture, in order to correctly diagnose.
Diagnostic head lice are mainly based on microbiological examination. The hair suspected to be infected can be removed and observed under a microscope with . If hyphen or spores are found, the diagnosis can be confirmed. It can also be confirmed by UV light, hair mold culture, or scalp pathology.
The use of topical anti fungal drugs in head lice is usually ineffective. It must be treated with oral anti fungal drugs. The course of treatment depends on the drug and takes about four to twelve weeks. Other treatments are adjutant therapy, including a combination of anti-mold formula , selenium sulfide) shampoo; the family uses anti-mold shampoo three times a week, each time the foam stays on the head for at least five minutes until the symptoms Disappear to reduce the chance of spreading; topical anti-mold ointment; avoid sharing combs and hairdressing products; patients themselves should avoid sticking to their clothes and furniture through their own dandruff and infect others; if the source is confirmed to be from pets ( Cats, dogs, rabbits, pets also need to be treated simultaneously. In addition, the patient’s comb, hat, pillow, bed, towel should be avoided to share with others, and hot water should be used to avoid infecting others. To prevent head lice, you should pay attention to whether the hair comb is clean and clean and disinfect if necessary. Otherwise, the wound will be scratched due to itching of the scalp, and the mold will infect the scalp to cause head lice. If you have related symptoms, you should consult a physician.
Two weeks after the oral anti fungal drug was used in our hospital, the scalp inflammation and pain gradually improved, and the drug treatment was completed eight weeks in a patiently manner. Once again, the microscopic examination of report was negative and the scalp symptoms were significantly improved. Here is a case that is not uncommon, reminding everyone that head lice is a skin disease that is easily overlooked and misdiagnosed. It requires a dermatologist to carefully diagnose and follow up the correct treatment.